CytokineCytokines are produced by cells of the immune system (macrophages, T-lymphocytes, etc.). Cytokines are able to induce rapid division and differentiation of certain types of cells involved in the fight against pathogens. They are capable of inducing a rapid division and differentiation (specialization for different functions) of certain cell types, which are involved in the fight against germs.
Cytokines form a large group of substances with specific properties and site of action. For example, these proteins are involved in the regulation of the production of specialized white blood cells, their movement throughout the body, and the search for sites where inflammation occurs. They also aid in the healing and suppression of inflammation. For the course of the inflammatory response, their relative proportions in the given site are often decisive. Disturbance of these proportions can lead to various immunological problems and diseases.