Knowledge Base

Peanut allergy

What are peanut allergies?

Peanut allergies are one of the most common (0.2% prevalence in Europe) and also severe food allergies, that may lead to fatal reactions after consumption. Your body reacts with the release of IgE antibodies as part of an immune response towards allergens present in peanuts. It recognizes peanut proteins mistakenly as something harmful. When allergic, even small amounts can cause a deadly anaphylactic shock.

Why do I have an peanut allergy?
The cause of peanut allergies is still unknown. However, a family history of peanut allergies increases the risk for offspring to develop a peanut allergy. Additionally, the topical use of peanut-oil based treatments as well as soy bean exposure may lead to the development of a peanut allergy in infancy.

What are the symptoms?
An allergy to peanuts manifests itself by a running nose, skin reactions (swelling, redness, hives), itching and tingling around mouth area, respiratory problems and tightening of the throat. Peanut allergies may also lead to an anaphylactic shock, which is characterized by airway constriction, throat swelling, blood pressure drop and rapid pulse.

How to manage peanut allergies
To avoid any unwanted side effects of peanut allergies, eliminate peanuts and any peanut cotanining products from your diet. Carefully read labels to identify peanut ingredients, especially in processed foods.